You probably already recognise Microsoft Office as a powerful suite of applications designed to make your working day productive and, dare I say it, even fun! But did you know you can get even more out of Microsoft Office applications through automation solutions?
PowerPoint has evolved into an app which is the Swiss Army knife of content creation, not only for presentations, but also printed collateral, videos and even interactive presentations.
Imagine you have to use a file containing all the slides you could possibly present to your audience knowing that you will only present a small subset of them at any one time. That’s where interactive presentations can be a powerful addition to your presentation arsenal. It’s a bit like visiting a website and only clicking on the pages you’re interested in as opposed to visiting every single page. Interactive presentations provide you with the ability to quickly react to your audience by jumping around your content live instead of having to say: “I’ll come to that later” and then forgetting!
The interactivity element provides the presenter with the ability to click on objects on their slide which then takes them to a specific location in the presentation.
Interactive presentations: The basics
I’ll use a basic example like the slide below to show you how to add interactivity to your presentation. There is a menu on the left-hand side of the slide which we’ve built with various shapes. Let’s say you want use this to give the presenter the ability to jump to either the next or previous slide:
The first thing you need to do is select the object you want to make interactive:
You then need to link it to another slide. The functionality required to achieve the linking is simple and utilises a long-standing feature of PowerPoint called Actions. You can find this feature in the Insert tab of the PowerPoint ribbon:
When you click the Action button, you get a plethora of options in two tabs as you can see:
These tabs allow you to set links for either or both of two mouse actions, Mouse Click and Mouse Over (or ‘mouse hover’).
The one you’ll probably use the most is Mouse Click and you can use the Hyperlink to dropdown to link to one of several built-in navigation options:
Again, the ones you’ll probably use when creating interactive presentations are Next Slide, Previous Slide and Slide… where you can choose a specific slide to link to.
Once you’ve added the action to your object you can click on it in slide show mode and it will take you to whatever slide or content you chose to link to.
The Animation Challenge
One aspect of creating interactive presentations is that if you combine the above action technique with animation, the animations are not reset automatically when you return to a slide that has already been presented. This might be an issue if you want to either replay the animation sequence or if you’ve used animation triggers to show and hide your menu. In the later case, the menu would remain on screen when you return to a previously presented slide and that means the presenter must spend time hiding it again.
So, what can you do about this?
Technique 1: Duplicate Slide
There is a native non-VBA technique you can use which is to create a duplicate of the slide without animations and set it to automatically transition to the next slide on zero seconds as seen in the top-right of the ribbon here:
You then change the action hyperlink to point to this duplicate slide instead of the one with the animations. This forces the animation on the slide you want to show to reset.
Technique 2: VBA Magic
The challenge with the above technique is that you must now maintain two copies of every slide in the presentation and secondly, remember to set the links to the auto-transition slide, not the slide you will present. This can make your interactive presentations into much more cumbersome files with more slides than is really necessary, subsequently making them more difficult to maintain.
You can avoid having to do this by adding a couple of VBA macros to our project. If you’re not familiar with how to add VBA to your presentation, have a look at our blog article showing you how to do it.
You’re going to create two VBA macros to go to the next slide and previous slide, both of which will reset the animations on the target slide. The full code is available at the end of this article.
Here is the VBA code for the next slide macro:
Public Sub NextSlide(ByRef oShp As Shape) Dim oSld As Slide Set oSld = oShp.Parent lIdx = oSld.SlideIndex + 1 If lIdx = ActivePresentation.Slides.Count Then lIdx = 1 SlideShowWindows(1).View.GotoSlide lIdx, msoTrue End Sub
Once you have this code in our project you can go back to the Insert/Action dialog and change the mouse click action to run our custom macro:
How does it work?
The opening line of the macro passes the shape you clicked on to the macro:
Public Sub NextSlide(ByRef oShp As Shape)
This allows us to determine which slide you’re on by setting a reference to the shape’s parent object, which is the slide:
Set oSld = oShp.Parent
You can now find out what the slide index is for this slide and increment it by one:
lIdx = oSld.SlideIndex + 1
You need to handle what happens if you’re on the last slide and you’ve chosen to link back to the first slide in that case:
If lIdx = ActivePresentation.Slides.Count Then lIdx = 1
The last step is to actually tell PowerPoint to go to this slide:
SlideShowWindows(1).View.GotoSlide lIdx, msoTrue
The magic part of this is the tiny msoTrue on the end of the line. The GotoSlide method (think of a method as an action verb) takes two arguments. The first is the slide index you want to go to and the second is a boolean option to tell PowerPoint to reset the animation for that slide, or not.
Now when you click any object that has this macro assigned to the Mouse Click action, the slide show will go to that slide and reset the animations.
The final thing to do with your interactive presentations is to save the pptx file as a pptm file. The ‘m’ stands for macro-enabled presentation. If your organisation has a code signing certificate, you can optionally sign your VBA project to minimise security warnings and this is something we do as standard at BrightCarbon. If you don’t do this, you’ll need to make sure macros are enabled by clicking File / Options / Trust Center / Trust Center Settings / Macro Security:
Now that you know how to use VBA when creating interactive presentations, check out my post on restoring default slide master layouts with VBA. or discover our Click-and-Explore service to find out how we can help create your next beautifully-designed interactive presentation.
Full code for Next, Previous and Reset Animation macros
You can copy and paste the full code from below into your VBA project. The PreviousSlide macro works just like the NextSlide one with a small adjustment to loop to the last slide if you’re on the first slide.
There is also a simpler ResetCurrentSlide macro which you can assign to any shape on your slide or slide master or layout which just resets the animations for the current slide.
Option Explicit Public lIdx As Long ' -------------------------------------- ' Custom button to go to the next slide ' -------------------------------------- Public Sub NextSlide(ByRef oShp As Shape) Dim oSld As Slide Set oSld = oShp.Parent lIdx = oSld.SlideIndex + 1 If lIdx = ActivePresentation.Slides.Count Then lIdx = 1 ' Go to the specified slide, resetting the animations SlideShowWindows(1).View.GotoSlide lIdx, msoTrue End Sub ' -------------------------------------- ' Custom button to go to the prev slide ' -------------------------------------- Public Sub PreviousSlide(ByRef oShp As Shape) Dim oSld As Slide Set oSld = oShp.Parent lIdx = oSld.SlideIndex - 1 If lIdx = 0 Then lIdx = ActivePresentation.Slides.Count - 1 ' Go to the specified slide, resetting the animations SlideShowWindows(1).View.GotoSlide lIdx, msoTrue End Sub ' -------------------------------------- ' Custom button to reset animations ' -------------------------------------- Public Sub ResetCurrentSlide() With SlideShowWindows(1).View .GotoSlide .CurrentShowPosition End With End Sub
Navigating to a specific slide
This concept can be taken further should you wish to navigate to a specific numbered slide. You need a way to pass the number of the slide you want to navigate to into the macro. A nice and easy way to do this is to use the name of the shape you assign the click action to. Open the Selection Pane by pressing the very secret shortcut Alt+F10 (or clicking the Home tab followed by Arrange / Selection Pane) and change the name of your clickable shape to “5” for example. Now link that shape to the macro below:
' ---------------------------------------------------------------- ' Custom button to go to slide specified by the name of this shape ' ---------------------------------------------------------------- Public Sub GoToSlide(ByRef oShp As Shape) Dim oSld As Slide Dim lSld As Long Set oSld = oShp.Parent ' Check if the name of the clicked shape is a number If IsNumeric(oShp.Name) Then lSld = CLng(oShp.Name) ' Check that the slide number is valid If lSld > 0 And lSld <= oSld.Parent.Slides.Count Then ' Go to the specified slide, resetting the animations SlideShowWindows(1).View.GoToSlide lSld, msoTrue Else MsgBox "The specified slide number " & lSld & " is invalid.", _ vbInformation + vbOKOnly, "BrightCarbon VBA Macro" End If Else MsgBox "The shape's name in the Selection Pane (Alt+F10) must " & _ "be the number of the slide you want to navigate to.", _ vbInformation + vbOKOnly, "BrightCarbon VBA Macro" End If End SubLeave a comment
Senior technical consultantView Jamie Garroch's profile
PowerPoint has evolved into an app which is the Swiss Army knife of content creation, not only for presentations but also printed collaterals, videos and even interactive presentations. In this second part of our series on supercharging PowerPoint interactive presentations with VBA we look at how you can provide your users with visual feedback for active areas of your slide using a mouse hover technique.
One of the ways we improve our PowerPoint productivity in PowerPoint is by using VBA code to automate and extend the functionality of PowerPoint. This article explains how to grab the code from our articles and use it in your PowerPoint project, so that you can take your productivity to the next level!
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